What is ADHD in Children: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Generally, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder appears in children less than 7 years old. However, it is a chronic disease that begins in childhood and continues until adulthood. More than millions of children around the world become victims of this disorder due to various reasons. However, iron deficiency is the most significant cause of ADHD, say French scientists. According to the kids who have low iron stores have more severe symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Moreover, such childrens must be given iron alternatives along with iron-rich meals. As per the guidelines of WHO, the appropriate iron supplement dosage for a child aged 6 to 23 months is 10–12.5 mg ( elemental iron). ADHD is related to neuro functionality; Children suffering from this problem prosper physically but lack mental development.

Kids who experience ADHD are not able to perform well in school and feel trouble in maintaining relationships. They remain overactive for most of the time. Sometimes the symptoms subside over time, but other times it becomes more severe as the child grows. This completely depends on parental care. Yes, it is true that genetics plays a vital role in the neurodevelopment of children. So, to prevent your loved ones from this ADHD, you should start taking care of them as soon as you get pregnant.

There are the following 3 types of ADHD

  • Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive:

In this case, the child talks non-stop, even while having meals or doing homework. Moreover, they constantly jump around and do annoying things to grab the attention of others. As a result, these hyperactive children often become prey to impulsiveness.

  • Predominantly Inattentive:

If a child suffers from this type of ADHD, he/she will not be able to understand the instructions, remember the important things, and forget to do routine activities. Put simply; they become inattentive, clumsy, and incompetent.

  • Combined

Some children undergo the combined effect of hyperactivity and inattentiveness.

Read on to know early signs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Not able to pay close attention to the important details.
  • Not able to make friends.
  • Feel trouble in maintaining relationships.
  • Not listen to others.
  • Have difficulty focusing on the subject.
  • Forget some of the daily tasks.
  • Repeat the same motions again and again.
  • Talks too much.
  • Lose patience very quickly.
  • Interrupts others while talking.
  • Feels hard to sit in one place for a long time.

Major Causes Of ADHD

As mentioned before, there are a myriad of causes of this disorder. For example, some children suffer from ADHD because of poor nutrition, while some due to genetic disorders. It is impossible to list all causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a single article, however, we have tried to include all major things that increase the risk of this disease in children.

  • Cigarette & Alcohol During Pregnancy

The females who consume tobacco and alcohol during pregnancy often give birth to mentally weak children. Therefore, it is vital to stay away from such hazardous things when there is a new life inside you.

  • Heredity

About 1 in 4 children experience ADHD syndrome because their parents are already victims of the disorder; you can also call it a hereditary issue.

  • Premature Delivery

It has been often seen that children born before 37 weeks have a high probability of developing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

  • Toxins

Toxins in the atmosphere also affect the mental development of children. For instance, the presence of lead in the mother’s body can make a child mentally ill.

Treatment -:

Upon detecting the ADHD in the child, the physicians perform several examinations. First, they look for the nutrition deficiency in the child and recommend supplementation if required (like multivitamin, iron, calcium, zinc, etc.).  Before starting, you should ask the pediatrician for the ideal dosage of iron supplements for your child.

Apart from this, in the initial phase they try to treat the victim with behavior therapy and avoid giving heavy medications. If the treatment does not yield positive results, then the child is fed medicines.

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